Australia imposes autonomous sanctions in relation to Russia in response to the Russian threat to the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine. They were first imposed in 2014 and extended in 2015 and 2022. Australia imposes other autonomous sanctions in relation to the specified Ukraine regions in response to the Russian threat to the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine. Go to the Specified Ukraine Regions Sanctions Regime and the Ukraine Sanctions Regime for further information. Australia will also extend to the Donetsk and Luhansk regions of Ukraine the sanctions measures already applied to Crimea and Sevastopol. These sanctions measures target exports and commercial activity in relation to the transport, telecommunications, energy and exploitation of oil, gas and mineral reserve sectors; and prohibit all imports.
These sanctions measures will apply to the Donetsk and Luhansk regions of Ukraine from 28 March 2022. This will allow Australians and Australian entities with interests in those regions to consider whether their activities are captured by the sanctions measures; and if they are, either to cease their activities, or to apply to the Minister for Foreign Affairs for a sanctions permit to continue their activities. The Regulations also include a power for the Minister to specify other areas of Ukraine, should they fall under Russian influence, to which these sanctions measures would then apply.
Australia will prohibit the import of oil, refined petroleum products, natural gas, coal and other energy products from Russia. The Autonomous Sanctions (Import Sanctioned Goods—Russia) Designation 2022 (the Import Designation) designates as ‘import sanctioned goods’ for Russia all goods in Chapter 27 of the Combined Australian Customs Tariff Nomenclature and Statistical Classification. This document is available on the Australian Border Force website. The Import Designation will commence on 25 April, 45 days after it was registered on the Federal Register of Legislation on 11 March. The Minister for Foreign Affairs made the Import Designation under subregulation 4A(3) of the Autonomous Sanctions Regulations 2011.
Australia will prohibit the supply, sale or transfer of certain luxury goods directly or indirectly to, for use in, or for the benefit of Russia. The Autonomous Sanctions (Export Sanctioned Goods—Russia) Amendment (No.1) Designation 2022 (the Designation) designates certain luxury goods as ‘export sanctioned goods’ for Russia. The Designation will commence on 7 April. The goods designated by the Designation are described by reference to codes in the Australian Harmonized Export Commodity Classification (AHECC). The AHECC is available on the Australian Bureau of Statistics website. The Minister for Foreign Affairs made the Designation under sub regulation 4(3) of the Autonomous Sanctions Regulations 2011.
Restrictions on the export or supply of certain goods
It is prohibited to directly or indirectly supply, sell or transfer to Russia any of the following goods:
Arms or related matériel includes, but is not limited to, weapons, ammunition, military vehicles and equipment, and spare parts and accessories for any of those things. It also includes paramilitary equipment. While each case will be considered individually, goods on the Defence and Strategic Goods List are likely to be considered arms or related matériel. Depending on the context, end user and end use, other goods may also be considered arms or related matériel. Go to Factsheet: Arms and Related Matériel for information on what to consider when assessing whether a good is an arm or related matériel.
Restrictions on certain commercial activities
It is prohibited to deal with financial instruments issued by, or providing loans or credit to:
Kenya Trade Network Agency (KenTrade) has launched the Africa e-trade platform to handle the exchange of commercial documents. The platform has been in a pilot phase for about 18 months in Kenya, Morocco, Tunisia, Cameroon and Senegal, and will now be integrated in 22 countries, which are members of the African Alliance for Electronic Commerce (AAEC). The platform will ease the cost of doing business and also help traders to exchange information on trade as the Africa Continental Free Trade Agreement (AfCFTA) takes shape. Speaking at the launch of three online trading platforms — AAEC, Africa E-Trade hub and the upgraded KenTrade’s Trade Facilitation Platform (TFP) programme, Mr Wangora said Africa intra-trade will only succeed if member states adopt technology. The new TFP will integrate all systems including the Kenya Revenue Authority’s Integrated Customs Management System (iCMS).“The new platform shall serve as a single entry point and platform for any person involved in trade and transport to lodge documents electronically for processing and approval and facilitate the electronic payment for fees and levies.
On April 5, 2022, Canada further amended the Special Economic Measures (Russia) Regulations to prohibit the provision of all insurance, reinsurance, and underwriting services for aircraft, aviation and aerospace products either owned by, controlled by, registered to, chartered by, or operated by entities and individuals resident, incorporated, or domiciled in Russia. This amendment also listed an additional nine oligarchs and their family members, as well as regime associates. On April 8, 2022, Canada further amended the Special Economic Measures (Russia) Regulations to list an additional 33 entities that belong to the defence sector which directly or indirectly facilitate or support the violation of the sovereignty or territorial integrity of Ukraine.
In order to implement the requirements of the State Council, China Customs has abolished some regulations from March 1, 2022 according to the needs of actual work, including Regulations of the Customs of the People's Republic of China on the Administration of Imported Relics, Regulations of the Customs of the People's Republic of China on the Administration of the Export of Cultural Relics Carrying by Passengers and Posting by Individuals, Regulations of the Customs of the People's Republic of China on the Administration of Passengers' Carrying and Personal Posting of Chinese Herbal Medicines and Chinese Proprietary Medicines, etc. Among them, the “Administrative Measures for the Inspection and Supervision of Imported Coatings", which was promulgated by the original AQSIQ Order No. 18 and revised in accordance with the General Administration of Customs Order No. 238 and No. 240, has also been abolished, and the supervision policy of imported coatings has also followed. The changes are as follows:
Norway imposed an import sanction on iron and steel products originating from Russia and export sanctions on certain products used in the oil industry. It also imposed import and export sanctions against the Ukrainian regions Donetsk and Luhansk, Crimea, and Sevastopol, due to the current crisis in Ukraine.
South Korea's Ministry of Trade, Industry, and Energy had, on March 24, announced that it would implement export control on 57 non-essential items to Russia and Belarus in retaliation to the Kremlin's military offensive in Ukraine. The export restrictions came into effect on March 26 and the 57 non-essential items will now have to pass a separate approval procedure. The non-strategic goods include low-performance semiconductors and computer equipment, Business Korea reported. South Korea's Ministry of Trade, Industry, and Energy, in its statement, said that the approval criteria will "take into consideration the comprehensive standards under Article 22 on the “Public Notice on Trade of Strategic Items”, as well as the international community’s heightened approval standards."
Switzerland adopted new measures against Russia, further reinforcing its sanctions set. These measures are in line with those adopted by the EU on March 9 and 15, 2022. The new sanctions entered into force at 11:00 p.m. CET on the same day. Since 2014, there has been an authorization regime in place in Switzerland targeting the sale, supply, delivery, export, transit and transport of certain oil industry goods. With the new Ordinance of March 4, 2022, Switzerland imposed a ban on certain transactions related to oil industry goods for petroleum refining, for example. Trade restrictions are now extended to the wider Russian energy sector, which includes companies involved in:
The new ban on the sale, supply, delivery, export, transit and transport targets certain energy-related goods such as oil and gas tubes and pipes (listed in Annex 5 of the Ordinance) as well as related technical assistance, brokering, financing and financial assistance. These prohibitions do not apply to transactions governed by a contract entered into before March 26, 2022 and executed until September 17, 2022.
New sanctions target strategic industries, banks and business elites. Liz Truss has announced 65 sanctions, targeting strategic industries, banks and business elites. the sanctions target those aiding Russia’s invasion of Ukraine including the Wagner Group, multiple defence companies and Russian Railways. the UK has now sanctioned over 1,000 individuals and businesses under the Russia sanctions regime since the invasion. Foreign Secretary Liz Truss has announced 65 new Russian sanctions (Thursday 24 March) against a range of key strategic industries and individuals. The UK has now sanctioned over 1,000 individuals and businesses under the Russia sanctions regime since the invasion. Sanctions target key industries supporting Russia’s illegal invasion, including Russian Railways and defence company Kronshtadt, the main producer of Russian drones. The Wagner Group – the organisation Russian mercenaries reportedly tasked with assassinating President Zelenskyy - has also been sanctioned.
Six more banks are targeted, including Alfa Bank whose cofounders include previously sanctioned oligarchs Mikhail Fridman, Petr Aven and German Khan. The world’s largest diamond producer Alrosa is also sanctioned. Individuals sanctioned include the billionaire oil tycoon Eugene Shvidler, founder of Tinkoff bank Oleg Tinkov, Herman Gref, the CEO of Russia’s largest bank Sberbank, and Polina Kovaleva, Foreign Minister Lavrov’s step daughter. Galina Danilchenko, who was installed by Russia as the ‘mayor’ of Melitopol is also sanctioned - the first time an individual has been sanctioned for collaboration with Russian forces currently in Ukraine.
The modifications to the HTSUS made by clause 1 of this proclamation shall be effective with respect to goods entered for consumption, or withdrawn from warehouse for consumption, on or after 12:01 a.m. eastern daylight time on April 1, 2022, and shall continue in effect, unless such actions are expressly reduced, modified, or terminated. Any imports of steel articles from Japan that were admitted into a U.S. foreign trade zone under “privileged foreign status” as defined in 19 CFR 146.41, prior to 12:01 a.m. eastern daylight time on April 1, 2022, shall be subject upon entry for consumption made on or after 12:01 a.m. eastern daylight time on April 1, 2022, to the provisions of the tariff‑rate quota in effect at the time of the entry for consumption.
Any provision of previous proclamations and Executive Orders that is inconsistent with the actions taken in this proclamation is superseded to the extent of such inconsistency.
In response to the Russian Federation’s (Russia) ongoing aggression in Ukraine following its further invasion of the country, as substantially enabled by Belarus, this rule expands license requirements for Russia and Belarus under the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) to all items on the Commerce Control List (CCL). It also removes license exception eligibility for aircraft registered in, owned or controlled by, or under charter or lease by Belarus or a national of Belarus.
In response to the Russian Federation’s (Russia’s) further invasion of Ukraine and to protect U.S. national security and foreign policy interests, the Department of Commerce established highly restrictive license requirements and policies for certain transactions involving Russia and Belarus under the Export Administration Regulations (EAR). To recognize partner countries implementing substantially similar export controls on Russia and Belarus, the Department of Commerce published a list of countries excluded from certain U.S. export controls related to foreign-produced items. In this rule, the Department of Commerce adds Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland to the list of excluded countries.
On February 14, 2022 (87 FR 8180), BIS published a final rule that amended the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) by revising the Entity List entry for “Huawei Cloud Brazil” (under Brazil) and adding a new entry for “Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.” (under China, People’s Republic of). These correcting amendments revise the “License requirement” column for each of these entities by updating the reference to the foreign direct product (FDP) provisions to read § 734.9(e), instead of § 736.2(b)(3), which was the FDP reference prior to the publication of BIS’s FDP rule on February 3, 2022 (87 FR 6022). These amendments also correct a typographical error, in the “License requirement” column for “Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.” (under China, People’s Republic of), by revising the phrase “except for” to read “EXCEPT2 for”, consistent with the application of Entity List footnote 2 to this entity.
In response to the Russian Federation’s (Russia’s) further invasion of Ukraine on February 24, 2022, the Department of Commerce is amending the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) by adding 120 entities under 120 entries to the Entity List. These 120 entities have been determined by the U.S. Government to be acting contrary to the national security interests or foreign policy of the United States and will be listed on the Entity List under the destinations of Belarus and Russia.